July 15, 1954
By Don S. Warren
Daniel Wants Ban
Senator Daniel told the Senate:
"The President and the White House are entitled to at least as much respect and protection as any other official or building in the Nation's Capital. Yet we find that picketing is prohibited on the sidewalks and buildings of the Capitol grounds, the Supreme Court, the foreign embassies and practically all other important public buildings except the White House."
He recalled that the bill passed by the House was sponsored by a fellow Texan, representative Gentry, Democrat, who had come to Washington about the time when Communists and other sympathizers were surrounding the White House in an attempt to influence the President to grant clemency to Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, convicted atomic spies, later executed.
Senator Daniel asked whether Senator Morse would permit such pickets "to parade in the gallery of the Senate, or would he favor demonstrations of any nature in the gallery."
Senator Morse, Independent, of Oregon, is prepared to fight any attempt by the Senate District Committee to override its Judiciary subcommittee and seek Senate approval of a House-passed bill to ban picketing around the White House.
He and Senator Neely, Democrat, of West Virginia, teamed up on Tuesday to pigeonhole, by a 2-to-1 vote, the picketing ban bill in the Subcommittee.
Voting for the bill was Freshman Senator Reynolds, Republican, of Nebraska, the subcommittee chairman. Senator Reynolds said he plans to bring the issue before the next meeting of the full committee, which may be held next week.
The issue hit the Senate floor unexpectedly yesterday when Senator Daniel, Democrat, of Texas, protested the subcommittee vote for indefinite postponement. He quoted newspaper reports to recall that it was defeated in subcommittee by the vote of Senator Morse, with a proxy left with the Oregon Senator by Senator Neely.
"Obviously," Senator Daniel declared, "the prohibitions against such actions are in the same category and prohibit free speech and petition to the same extent. However, there are other peaceful and proper means that the people have to exercise petition, contact and persuasion with members of Congress and the White House."
The Texas Senator left Bethesda Naval Hospital to go to the Senate to make the speech. He had been at the hospital for treatment of a knee injury.
In reply, Senator Morse reiterated his objections that the bill would limit freedom of speech and the companion rights of petition and picketing.
Later, Senator Morse said he will insist on extensive hearings before the full committee. Should the committee vote to send the bill to the Senate, he said he would see to it that there is "very full, comprehensive discussion of all the Constitutional and freedom of speech questions."