Photo 57: Many roads in high density camp areas were
damaged after the onset of the summer monsoon rains. Some of this
damage was present before the Gathering, but no attempts were
made to scarify or restore these areas.
Photo 58: This group area had a large fire ring, which
Photo 59: On the majority of rutted roads, rehabilitation
efforts consisted of placing a few rotten logs into ruts. Such
areas needed ripping to sufficiently scarify the soil.
Photo 60: Locations where root crowns of herbaceous
vegetation were not damaged were best left undisturbed, rather
than scarified. This especially pertained to sedge dominated areas.
Photo 61: Rehabilitation of heavily used trails consisted
of randomly tossing sticks into the paths. Logs and sticks alone
are ineffective rehabilitation on compacted soils. These areas
needed water bars to divert surface flow off of the trails.
Photo 62: Trails on level terrain needed to be scarified
and seeded. Logs and sticks alone are inadequate rehabilitation
on compacted soil.
Photo 63: One of a few well-installed water bars. As
can be seen, the trail itself was not scarified, nor enough water
bars installed. Scarification, seeding and additional water bars
would have completed effective rehabilitation of this compacted
Photo 64: Water bars left in various stages of completion.
The majority of heavily impacted trails need to be water barred
by equipment and seeded.
Photo 65: Trails, group areas, latrines and fences
needing rehabilitation were labeled and mapped using a GPS system.
Many of these markers were repeatedly destroyed or removed.
Photo 66: Often, carification amounted to a few lines
scratched across the trails. This is an ineffective method.
Photo 67: This trail was adequately water barred.
Photo 68: The Family scattered seeds over hard compacted
soils without adequate scarification, resulting in low to no germination
Photo 69: Effects of severe compaction are evident
in formation of soil crusis. Seeding over these areas without
scarification is ineffective. Much of the unprotected seed is
ott to birds and rodents.
Photo 70: Initially the Family attepted to use a hand-drawn
harrow. It proved to be inadequate and soon broke. After much
convincing, a tractor with harrow and operator was locally rented
and used for two days. This resulted in adequate scarification.
Photo 71: This road was adequately scarified with a
tractor-drawn harrow. Unfortunately, it was seeded before being
harrowed by the Family
Photo 72: The tractor-drawn harrow was used to sufficiently
scarify this compacted area.
Photo 73: Several passes with the tractor-drawn harrow
were needed to scarify barren areas. Spots still having herbaceous
vegetation with live root crowns were left undisturbed.
Photo 74: Many roads were left in severely compacted
condition, and required ripping. Here, a Forest Service brush
cat was used to close and rehabilitate a road.
Photo 75: Another road needing ripping and closing
for effective rehabilitation. Note development of rut, resutlting
from traffic during wet conditions.