Duran was placed under arrest and transported to a Secret Service holding area n the Northwest Gate. Upon searching him, the Secret Service
recovered one-page, handwritten note identifying himself and his wife and directing the Secret Service to his vehicle, sating that it was parked near the White House. A lookout was broadcast, and approximately thirty minutes after his arrest, Duran's pick-up truck, bearing Colorado tag 23822JX, was located by a Uniformed Division K-9 officer. The truck was checked for explosives and eventually searched. Officers recovered Mossberg 410 gauge shotgun, many boxes of ammunition, several gun-related items, and nerve gas antidote. The truck also contained several documents, including an atlas bearing a series of handwritten notes, one of which said "Kill the Pres!"
Duran fired at least twenty-nine shots at the White House  Miraculously, though there were people on the north grounds at the time, no one was injured in the attack. Eleven of the rounds struck the White House facade. One bullet penetrated a window in the Press Briefing Room in the West Wing.
[8 Twenty-nine rounds were ultimately recovered. However, the magazine Duran used holds a total of thirty rounds, and it was empty when recovered.]
Overall, the Secret Service responded efficiently and effectively to the shooting. ERT officers responded to the shooter, courageously moving toward Duran with only trees for cover. As the first shots were fired, PPD agents immediately responded to the President who was not in danger from the gunfire. ERT officers apprehended Duran within seconds of the last shot being fired, and Uniformed Division officers quickly determined that there were no injuries and secured the crime scene.
Duran was arrested and ultimately convicted on a ten count, superseding indictment charging him with Attempted Murder of the President of the United States,  four counts of Forcible Assault on an Officer of the United States, Possession of a Firearm by a Convicted Felon, Injury and Depredation Against Property of the United States (namely the White House), Carrying and Use of a Firearm During a Crime of Violence, and Interstate Transportation of a Firearm: Duran asserted an insanity defense at trial. Duran's trial began on March 16, 1995, before United States District Court
[9 Duran's conviction on the attempted assassination charge was based, in part, on evidence regarding an individual, Dennis Basso, who resembles President Clinton, and who was walking across the north grounds with a tour group. Immediately before Duran started shooting, witnesses pointed out Basso and declared that he was the President. The bullets fired hit near the area where Basso was standing.]
Judge Charles R. Richey and on April 4, 1995, he was found guilty on all counts. Duran is scheduled to be sentenced on June 29, 1995. 
Prior to this incident, Duran was not on record with the Secret Service's Intelligence Division. On October 1, 1994, Duran's wife, Ingrid Duran, filed missing person Report with the El Paso County Sheriff' s Office, in Colorado, stating that he had been missing since September 30, 1994. On October 17, she contacted the FBI in Colorado Springs. Ingrid Duran informed the FBI that Duran had been missing for two weeks. She so Reported that Duran had called her on October 15, 1994, stating that he was preparing to do something drastic. During that conversation, Duran stated that he would be killed in the "assault" that he was pluming. He refused to tell her where he was headed, although she believed that he was in Texas or elsewhere in the central time zone of the United States. The FBI agent’s report of that interview contains no reference to any Secret Service protectee or politics in any way. Thus, there is no basis to conclude that the Secret Service should have been notified prior to the shooting that Duran posed a threat to the President.
[10 The Review did not incorporate testimony presented at Duran's trial in its Classified Report.]
At the time of the shooting, Duran was twenty-six Years old and last resided in Widefield, Colorado. He has a prior criminal record and received a Dishonorable Discharge from the United States Army in 1993. Before leaving Colorado, Duran told several people that he intended to kill President Clinton, although he did not provide a time frame. None of these individuals informed an local or federal law enforcement agency, including the Secret Service, of
Investigators determined that Duran was in the D.C. Metropolitan area for twelve days before October 29. No evidence has been discovered that suggests that Duran was near the President, or that he attempted to get near the President, prior to the October 29 shooting incident. There is also no evidence that Duran had co-conspirators.
The United States Secret Service is recognized as, and is, the most effective protective security organization in the world. Many of its protective methodologies are viewed as innovative, and through its extreme professionalism, the Secret Service has established the standard against which a11 other protective security organizations measure themselves. In light of the findings made during this investigation, however, the Review, in consultation with the Advisory Committee, has identified certain areas where the Secret Service should implement changes in its operations to further enhance the security of the President, the First Family, and the White House Complex.
In its Classified Report, the Review made eleven major recommendations. Six of these are set forth below. The remaining five recommendations pertain to issues such as improving the monitoring of the restricted air space around the White House Complex, increasing training opportunities for Secret Service personnel, and installing security enhancements to the White House Complex. These recommendations are not included here for security reasons. In addition, the Review made numerous
[11 A number of these have been edited for security reasons.]
specific recommendations pertaining to the Corder incident, the Duran incident, air and ground security issues at the White House Complex, and the Secret Service's Intelligence Operation at the conclusion of each chapter in the Classified Report. These specific recommendations are so omitted. The following six major recommendations have been deemed appropriate for disclosure to the public.
POTENTIAL CHANGES TO CIVIL AIR TRAFFIC RULES
The Review recommends that representatives from the Department of the Treasury (including the Secret Service) and the Department of Transportation (including the FAA) convene to consider a variety of changes to the civil air traffic rules that would enhance the security of the White House Complex without unduly hindering air traffic in the Washington, D.C. area.
LAW ENFORCEMENT JURISDICTION
Three unrelated Law enforcement agencies share jurisdiction over the perimeter immediately adjacent to the White House Complex: the Secret Service, the United States Park Police and the MPD of the District of Columbia. These agencies should enter into a Memorandum of Understanding
(MOU) concerning the coordination of their respective resources to ensure adequate security around the White House Complex, supplemented by annual review by all three entities regarding the efficacy and handling of incidents and procedures. The Review recommends that the MOU provide for the designation of a lead agency dependent on the violation, not the physical location of the suspect.
CREATION OF A
FORENSIC TASK FORCE FOR
THE WHITE HOUSE COMPLEX
During crises at the White House Complex, the Secret Service, other federal and local law enforcement agencies, and fire, rescue and ordnance squads are among the many Components that respond either pursuant to statute or by agreement. A dedicated forensic group composed of personnel from the various federal and local components that participate during emergencies t the White House Complex should be established. This forensic group Would be responsible for collecting evidence, preserving the incident scene, and for coordinating access to the White House grounds It those times.
COMMAND AND CONTROL
DURING MAJOR INCIDENTS AT
THE WHITE HOUSE
Major incidents at the White House command the attention and interest of multiple law enforcement organizations, the media, and spectators. Essential prompt response would be improved by (i) upgraded communications among the law enforcement agencies and the various White House security posts and (ii) a comprehensive protocol which establishes that immediate operational command and control must be assumed by the Secret Service.
WITH THE DEPARTMENT
OF THE TREASURY
The Department of the Treasury, through the Office of the Under Secretary (Enforcement), will ensure the Secret Service's implementation of the Recommendations. The Department of the Treasury will assist the Secret Service in removing obstacles to the speedy implementation of security measures. Finally, the Department of the Treasury and the Department of the Defense will ensure that ongoing, sensitive security-related projects have structured, policy-level oversight.
REROUTING VEHICULAR TRAFFIC
AROUND THE WHITE HOUSE COMPLEX
AND CONVERTING PENNSYLVANlA AVENUE
TO A PEDESTRIAN MALL
Any plan to reroute traffic from the segment of Pennsylvania Avenue front of the White House essentially affects local vehicular travel and commuter interests. After careful consideration of the information that has been provided, the Review is not able to identify any alternative to prohibiting vehicular traffic on Pennsylvania Avenue that would ensure the protection of the President and others in the White House Complex from explosive devices carried by vehicles near the perimeter. For the same reasons, the Review recommends prohibiting vehicular traffic on both State Place and the segment of South Executive Avenue that connects into State Place. The Review would prefer to recommend limiting traffic traveling on the segment of Pennsylvania Avenue m front of the White House to small and medium size passenger vehicles. However, because the Review has been informed that it is impossible to implement a traffic system that would exclude only trucks, buses, and large vehicles, the Review must recommend excluding all vehicular traffic from the area between Madison Place and 17th Street and converting this segment to pedestrian mall. There is significant evidence that this plan should significantly
enhance the accessibility of the White House to visitors, but the Review recognizes that this step requires consultation among all interested parties. (See diagram of proposed pedestrian access areas on the following page.)
PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN ACCESS AREAS
NOTE CONCERNING THE
RECOMMENDATION TO CONVERT
TO A PEDESTRIAN MALL
The White House Security Review recommends prohibiting vehicular traffic from traveling along the segment of Pennsylvania Avenue that runs from Madison Place to 17th Street. The Review proposes to converting that area to pedestrian mall or park. Based on consultations with experts on security, public access, and the history of the White House, it is the opinion of the Review that this proposal will provide the general public with maximum pedestrian access to our nation’s most important historic structure while averting a verified security concern.
The White House is, without question, a house unlike any other. For almost two hundred years it has symbolized the ultimate prize in this country's system Of elected government, the American presidency. The structure evokes the combination of prestige and constitutional authority that we vest in its principal occupant to influence domestic affairs and global politics. Whoever resides in the White House, by definition, assumes primacy among world leaders.
At the same time, the White House is a symbol of our very nation and the American people. First among federal buildings, it is national treasure that reflects our unique heritage. Perhaps the most "American" aspect of the White House is its accessibility, as evidenced by the millions of Americans and foreign visitors who visit there each year. Since President Jefferson's day, the White House has been an emphatically public residence - the "House of the People," which they may either enter or look upon without obstruction. In contrast, the great palaces of Europe were set within planned parks, high walls and fences designed with protection in mind. But the White House grounds were developed at a time when security was not a gelt concern in the United States. The opeMess of the White House to pedestrian visitors is therefore distinctive. Where else in the world can a citizen secure a ticket to enter and tour the actual residence of the head of state and government?
The Review's proposal to prohibit vehicular traffic from travelling along the segment of Pennsylvania Avenue that runs between Madison Place and 17th Street will significantly enhance the public's access to their White House. This concept will ensure that pedestrians may enter and enjoy the White House and its grounds, and feel that distinctively American closeness to those in high office. At the same time, the proposal will reduce significantly
the security risk posed to the White House, its residents, employees, and visitors by vehicles carrying explosives.
For similar reasons, the Review also proposes to prohibit vehicles from traveling on either Stare Place or the segment of South Executive Avenue that runs into State Place.
The following experts consulted by the Review supported the conversion of Pennsylvania Avenue to a pedestrian mall:
- Dr. Daniel Boorstin, former Librarian of Congress
- Dr. William Sale, former White House Historian
- George White, the Architect of the Capitol
- Harold Adams, Max Bond, Mark Bunnell, Maxine Griffith, Nicholas Quennell, and William H. Whyte, noted architects and urban planners
- John Warnecke, designer of the Lafayette Square project for former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and early proponent and designer of pedestrian mall in front of the White House
- Georges Jacquemart, noted transportation planner and traffic engineer
Pennsylvania Ave. Closure || Peace Park